Table 2501.03-1......................................................................................................... 1240

 

Table 2550.02-1......................................................................................................... 1242

 

Table 2552.02-1......................................................................................................... 1243

 

Table 2552.02-2......................................................................................................... 1244

 

Table 2552.02-3......................................................................................................... 1245

 

Table 2552.02-4......................................................................................................... 1246

 

Table 2552.02-5......................................................................................................... 1247

 

Aggregate Gradation Table..................................................................................... 1248

 

Theoretical Rate of Evaporation Chart................................................................... 1251


 

Table 2501.03-1: Energy Values For Gravity And Diesel Hammers

Minimum Energy Required for Gravity Hammers (Ft. - Kips(b))

Pile Length

(ft.)

 

Wood Pile

 

 

Concrete Pile

Steel H-Pile

12" to 14"

16"

10 x 42

10 x 57

12 x 53

12 x 74

14 x 73

14 x 89

25' or less
26' to 40'
41' to 50'
51' to 65'
66' to 90'

15
15
15
(a)
(a)

25
25
25
(a)
(a)

27
27
27
(a)
(a)

23
23
25
25
30

23
23
25
25
30

23
23
25
25
30

25
30
30
30
33

25
30
30
30
33

32
35
36
36
36

Maximum Energy Allowed for Gravity Hammers (Ft. - Kips(b))

Pile Length

(ft.)

 

Wood Pile

 

 

Concrete Pile

Steel H-Pile

12" to 14"

16"

10 x 42

10 x 57

12 x 53

12 x 74

14 x 73

14 x 89

25' or less
26' to 40'
41' to 50'
51' to 65'
66' to 90'

25
25
25
(a)
(a)

34
34
34
(a)
(a)

36
36
36
(a)
(a)

28
32
38
35
35

28
35
38
38
38

28

35

42

38

38

35
38
42
42
42

35
38
42
42
42

42
45
48
48
50


 

 

Minimum Energy Required for Diesel Hammers (Ft. - Kips(b))

Pile Length
(ft.)

 

Wood Pile

 

 

Concrete Pile

Steel H-Pile

12" to 14"

16"

10 x 42

10 x 57

12 x 53

12 x 74

14 x 73

14 x 89

25' or less
26' to 40'
41' to 50'
51' to 65'
66' to 90'

17
17
17
(a)
(a)

23
23
23
(a)
(a)

28
28
28
(a)
(a)

22
22
22
22
22

24
24
26
26
29

24
24
26
26
29

29
29
33
33
40

29
29
33
33
40

33
40
40
40
49

Maximum Energy Allowed for Diesel Hammers (Ft. - Kips(b))

Pile Length
(ft.)

 

Wood Pile

 

 

Concrete Pile

Steel H-Pile

12" to 14"

16"

10 x 42

10 x 57

12 x 53

12 x 74

14 x 73

14 x 89

25' or less
26' to 40'
41' to 50'

51’ to 65’

24
24
33
(a)

32
32
32
(a)

40
40
40
(a)

33
33
40
40

33
33
40
40

33
33
40
40

40
40
43
43

40
40
43
43

43
47
52
52

(a)     Wave equation analysis.

(b)     Ft. - Kips - 1000 foot pounds.

For nominal bearing resistances under 105 tons, minimum diesel hammer energies listed may be reduced by 20% for concrete pile and 10% for steel pile.


 

 

Table 2550.02-1: Fabric Form Minimum Property Requirements

Property

Test Method

Units

Armor Unit

Articulating Block Mat

Composition of Yarns

 

 

Nylon or Polyester

Nylon or Polyester

Mass Per Unit Area (double-layer)

ASTM D 5261

oz/yd2

14

12

Thickness

ASTM D 5199

Mils

28

25

Mill Width

 

In

76

76

Wide-Width Strip Tensile Strength

-Machine

 

ASTM D 4595

 

lbf/in

 

190

 

140

- Cross

ASTM D 4595

lbf/in

140

110

Elongation at Break

 - Machine

 

ASTM D 4595

%

20

20

 - Cross

ASTM D 4595

%

30

30

Trapezoidal Tear Strength

 - Machine

 

ASTM D 4533

 

lbf

 

180

 

150

 - Cross

ASTM D 4533

lbf

115

100

Apparent Opening Size (AOS)

ASTM D 4751

U.S. Std. Sieve

60

40

Flow Rate

ASTM D 4491

gal/min/ft2

50

90

Notes:   

a.     Conformance of fabric to specification property requirements is based on ASTM D 4759.

b.     All numerical values represent minimum average roll values (i.e., average of test results from any sample roll in a lot shall meet or exceed the minimum values). Sample lots according to ASTM D 4354.


 

Table 2552.02-1: Class II Material

Class

Type

Soil Group

Symbol

ASTM

D 2487

Description

Percentage Passing Sieve Sizes

1˝ in.

No. 4

No. 200

II

Coarse-Grained Soils, clean

GW

Well-graded gravels and gravel-sand mixtures; little or no fines

100%

‹50% of “Coarse Fraction”

‹5%

GP

Poorly-graded gravels and gravel-sand mixtures; little or no fines.

SW

Well-graded sands and gravelly sands; little or no fines.

›50% of “Coarse Fraction”

SP

Poorly-graded sands and gravelly sands; little or no fines.

Coarse-Grained Soils, borderline clean to with fines

e.g. GW-GC, SP-SM

Sands and gravels which are borderline between clean and with fines.

100%

Varies

5% to 12%

 


 

Table 2552.02-2: Class III Material

Class

Type

Soil Group

Symbol

ASTM

D 2487

Description

III

Coarse-Grained Soils, with fines

GM

Silty gravels, gravel-sand-silt mixtures.

GC

Clayey gravels, gravel-sand-clay mixtures.

SM

Silty sands, sand-silt mixtures.

SC

Clayey sands, sand-clay mixtures.

 


 

Table 2552.02-3: Class IVA Material

Class

Type

Soil Group

Symbol

ASTM

D 2487

Description

IVA

Fine-Grained Soils (inorganic)

ML

Inorganic silts and very fine sands, rock flour, silty or clayey fine sands, silts with slight plasticity.

CL

Inorganic clays of low to medium plasticity, gravelly clays, sandy clays, silty clay, lean clays.

 


 

Table 2552.02-4: Class IVB Material

Class

Type

Soil Group

Symbol

ASTM

D 2487

Description

IVB

Fine-Grained Soils (inorganic)

MH

Inorganic silts, micaceous or diatomaceous fine sandy or silty soils, elastic silts.

CH

Inorganic clays of high plasticity, fat clays.


  

Table 2552.02-5: Class V Material

Class

Type

Soil Group

Symbol

ASTM

D 2487

Description

V

Organic Soils (Unsuitable for backfill)

OL

Organic silts and organic silty clays of low plasticity.

 

 

OH

Organic clays of medium to high plasticity, organic silts.

Highly Organic (Unsuitable for backfill)

PT

Peat and other high organic soils.


 

 

TABLE 4109.02-1: AGGREGATE GRADATION TABLE

Grad. No.

Section No.

Std. Sieve Sz.

1 1/2”

1.00”

3/4”

1/2”

3/8”

4

8

30

50

100

200

 

Intended Use

Percent Passing

Notes

1

4110, 4125, 4133, 4134

PCC FA, Cover Agg.

 

 

 

 

100

90-100

70-100

10-60

 

 

0-1.5

1

2

4112

PCC Intermediate

 

 

 

95-100

 

 

0-10

 

 

 

 

 

3

4115 (57, 2-8), 4118

PCC CA

100

95-100

 

25-60

 

0-10

0-5

 

 

 

0-1.5

2, 10

4

4115 (2-8)

PCC CA

100

50-100

30-100

20-75

5-55

0-10

0-5

 

 

 

0-1.5

10

5

4115 (67, 2-8)

PCC CA

 

100

90-100

 

20-55

0-10

0-5

 

 

 

0-1.5

10

6

4115.06 (Repair & Overlay)

PCC CA

 

 

100

90-100

40-90

0-30

 

 

 

 

0-1.5

10

7

4117 (Class V)

PCC FA & CA

100

 

 

 

 

80-92

60-75

20-40

 

 

 

 

8

4117.03 (Class V)

Fine Limestone

 

 

 

 

100

90-100

 

 

 

 

0-30

 

9

2556

Grout Aggregate

 

 

 

100

85-100

 

0-10

 

 

 

0-1.5

 

10

4119, 4120.02, 4120.03 (C gravel)

Granular Surface

 

 

100

 

 

50-80

25-60

 

 

 

 

3, 11

11

4119, 4120.02, 4120.04, 4120.05, 4120.07, (A, B Cr. St.)

Granular Surface & Shoulder

 

100

95-100

70-90

 

30-55

15-40

 

 

 

6-16

4, 5, 11

12a

4121 (Cr. St.)

Granular Subbase

100

 

 

40-80

 

 

5-25

 

 

 

0-6

6, 11

12b

4121 (Cr. Gravel)

Granular Subbase

100

 

 

50-80

 

 

10-30

 

5-15

 

3-7

7, 11

13a

4122.02 (Cr. St.)

Macadam St. Base

3” nominal maximum size screened over 3/4” or 1.00” screen.

 

13b

4122.02

Macadam Choke St.

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6-16

11

14

4123

Modified Subbase

100

 

70-90

 

 

 

10-40

 

 

 

3-10

5, 7, 11

19

4125 (1/2”) Cr. Gr. or Cr. St.)

Cover Aggregate

 

 

100

97-100

40-90

0-30

0-15

 

 

 

0-1.5

11

20

4125 (1/2” Scr. Gr.)

Cover Aggregate

 

 

100

95-100

40-80

0-15

0-7

 

 

 

0-1.5

11

21

4125 (3/8”)

Cover Aggregate

 

 

 

100

90-100

10-55

0-20

0-7

 

 

0-1.5

11

22

4124

Fine Slurry Mixture

 

 

 

 

100

85-100

40-95

20-60

14-35

10-25

5-25

9, 11

23

4124 (Cr. St.)

Coarse Slurry Mixture

 

 

 

 

100

70-90

40-70

19-42

 

 

5-15

11

29

4131

Porous Backfill

 

 

100

95-100

50-100

0-50

0-8

 

 

 

 

11

30

4132.02 (Cr. St.)

Special Backfill

100

 

 

 

 

 

10-40

 

 

 

0-10

5, 11, 14

31

4132.03 (Gravel)

Special Backfill

 

100

90-100

75-100

 

 

30-55

 

 

 

3-7

11

32

4133 (Sand/Gr./Cr. St.)

Granular Backfill

100% passing the 3” screen

10-100

 

 

 

0-10

8, 11

35

4134 (Natural Sand/Gr.)

Floodable Backfill

100

 

 

 

 

 

20-90

 

 

 

0-4

11

36

4134 (Natural Sand)

Floodable Backfill

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

0-2

11

37

2320 (Quartzite/Granite/Slag)

Polymer-Modified Microsurfacing

 

 

 

 

100

90-100

65-90

30-50

18-30

10-21

5-15

12, 13

38

2320 (limestone/Dolomite)

Polymer-Modified Microsurfacing

 

 

 

 

100

70-90

45-70

15-35

10-25

5-20

5-15

12, 13


Notes:  (Gradations No. 9, 15, 16, 17, 18, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 33, and 34 have been deleted)

 

1.     For Section 4110, when the fine aggregate is sieved through the following numbered sieves - 4, 8, 16, 30, 50, and 100 - no more than 40% shall pass one sieve and be retained on the sieve with the next higher number.

 

2.     When used in precast and prestressed concrete bridge beams, 100% shall pass the 1.00" sieve. When used for pipe bedding the No. 200 restriction does not apply.

 

3.     When compaction of material is a specification requirement, the minimum percent passing the No. 200 sieve is 6%.

 

4.     See specifications for combination of gravel and limestone.

 

5.     Unwashed air dried samples of crushed composite material shall be tested for gradation compliance except that no gradation determination will be made for material passing the No. 200 sieve.

 

6.     The gradation requirement for the No. 8 sieve shall be 5% to 20% when recycled material is supplied.

 

7.     For Section 4121 gravel, one fractured face on 30% or more of the particles retained on the 3/8 inch sieve. For Section 4123 gravel, one fractured face on 75% or more of the particles retained on the 3/8 inch sieve.

 

8.     Crushed stone shall have 100% passing the 1˝” sieve.

 

9.      Gradation limitations for the 30, 50, and 100 sieves shall not apply when slurry mixture is applied by hand lutes, such as for slurry leveling.

 

10.   Maximum of 2.5% passing the No. 200 sieve allowed if for crushed limestone or dolomite when documented production is 1% or less.

 

11.  When Producer gradation test results are used for acceptance, test results representing at least 90% of the material being produced shall be within the gradation limits and the average of all gradation results shall be within the gradations limits. Stockpiled material not meeting the criteria may, at the District Materials Engineer’s discretion, be resampled using Materials I.M. 301 procedures. One hundred percent of the stockpile quality control and verification test results shall be within the gradation limits.

 

12.  For Quartzite/Granite/Slag: 45% to 70% passing No. 16 Sieve; for Dolomite/Limestone: 25% to 50% passing No. 16 Sieve.

 

13.  Percent passing shall not go from the high end to the low end of the range for any two consecutive screens.

 

14. If the material meets the quality requirements of Article 4120.04, a maximum of 14% passing the No. 200 sieve will be allowed.

 


THEORETICAL RATE OF EVAPORATION CHART

 

TRE_chart_E.jpg (281726 bytes)